Guns Used For Big Game Hunting

Guns used for big game hunting in South Africa vary according to the terrain, the animal and of course user preference. Due to these variables, Mkhamba Safaris has put together a MINIMUM calibre required guideline for guns to be used for big game hunting. Any questions? Please feel free to Contact Us

Minimum Calibres Required 

Please take note of the comments alongside each animal, particularly those, which appear under two categories. In this case, Graeme Geldart from Mkhamba Safaris South Africa will have recommended one of these gun (rifle) calibres, to be used in big game hunting. For a quick look at the calibres and the animals they can be used on, click on the quick links below.

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Minimum Calibre .270 Win

On the following animals a .270 Win can be used as the required minimum calibre guns used for big game hunting:

Animal
Bullet Comment
Other Comments
Sufficient
Recom-mended
Black WildebeestPremium GradeN/A
Yes
Yes
BlesbuckN/AN/A
Yes
Yes
Cape BushbuckN/AN/A
Yes
Yes
Common ReedbuckN/AN/A
Yes
Yes
Fallow DeerGood Quality BulletsN/A
Yes
Yes
Grey (Vaal) RhebuckN/ANeeded For Shooting Distance - Sight at 200m
Yes
Yes
ImpalaAvoid High Velocity BulletsN/A
Yes
Yes
Mountain ReedbuckN/AN/A
Yes
Yes
NyalaN/APreferably Something Heavier - 3006 Preferable
Yes
NO
SpringbuckFlat Shooting Necessary Due To DistanceN/A
Yes
Yes
SteenbuckGood Quality BulletsN/A
Yes
Yes
WarthogGood Quality BulletsN/A
Yes
Yes
WaterbuckWell Constructed BulletsNot Preferable Though - 3006 Preferred
Yes
NO

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Minimum Calibre 3006

On the following animals a 3006 Rifle can be used as the required minimum calibre guns used for big game hunting:

Animal
Bullet Comment
Sufficient
Recom-mended
Blue Wildebeest180 Grain Weight Bullets, Well Constructed
Yes
Yes
KuduHeavier Bullets At Slower Velocities Are Necessary In Bushveld
Yes
Yes
Red HartebeestGood Quality Bullets
Yes
Yes
NyalaHeavier Bullets At Slower Velocities Are Necessary In The Bushveld
Yes
Yes
WaterbuckGood Quality Bullets
Yes
Yes
Zebra180gr Well Constructed Bullet
Yes
Yes

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Minimum Calibre 6mm

On the following animals a 6mm rifle can be used as the required minimum calibre guns used for big game hunting:

Animal
Bullet Comment
Sufficient
Recommended
Common DuikerN/A
Yes
Yes

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Minimum Calibre 300 Win Mag

On the following animals a 30Win Mag Rifle can be used as the required minimum calibre guns used for big game hunting:

Animal
Bullet Comment
Other Comments
Sufficient
Recom-mended
ElandPremium Grade Bullet Of At Least 180grN/A
Yes
Yes
GemsbuckGood Quality Well Constructed BulletsNeeded For Shooting Distance - Sight At 200m
Yes
Yes

REMEMBER: IT IS NOT ABOUT WHAT YOU HIT THE ANIMAL WITH, BUT MORE SO WHERE YOU HIT IT.

Shot placement is more important than the calibre you are using.

The Best Gun To Use

The best gun/rifle to use on safari is one you are familiar with, and use regularly. When planning your big game hunting trip, be sure to know the minimum caliber required of guns used for big game hunting.